Auguste 19, 2015
HIV prevention strategies can take on many forms today, the main ones being behavioural, structural and biomedical.
Behavioural prevention strategies are aimed at replacing risky individual and collective behaviours that favour the transmission of the virus with safer behaviours, such as wearing condoms and getting tested for HIV.
Structural strategies focus more widely on social, economic, legal, cultural and educational factors liable to increase the vulnerability of persons and groups most exposed to the epidemic and to impede behavioural change.
Biomedical strategies include pre-exposure treatment and triple-drug therapy.
Combined prevention aims at a synergy between all these strategies. It no longer opposes behavioural prevention on one hand and biomedical prevention on the other. It notably now tends to bring prevention, screening and treatment together in a global approach.
While the AIDS epidemic has experienced a net reduction over the past few years, efforts to prevent HIV transmission have not made it possible to avoid new infections, with very different levels of incidence in certain countries or regions, within certain population groups, in certain areas with generalised epidemics and in countries where the epidemic is most concentrated.
The combined prevention strategy is therefore aimed at improving the effectiveness of the prevention and reduction of HIV transmission risks for the benefit of individuals and the community.