April 23th, 2014

Sexually transmissible and blood-born infections (STBBIs) are divided into three categories:

– Bacterial infections – chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis
– Viral infections – HIV, hepatitis B and C, herpes, HPV
– Parasitic infections – crab-lice, scabies

Most of these are transmitted through the exchange of infected body fluids (vaginal secretions, sperm, pre-ejaculatory fluid, blood) during sexual activity – oral, vaginal, or anal. Some, like herpes and HPV, can also be transmitted by skin-to-skin contact in the genital area.

It should not be forgotten that the majority of those infected do not have any symptoms, and so are unaware that they could transmit an STBBIs.

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